Year 3 - Marco Polo
We are the Marco Polo class! Marco Polo was a merchant explorer born in Venice, Italy in 1254. He belonged to a noble family of Venetian merchants. His father Niccolo Polo and uncle Maffeo Polo were jewel merchants and went to china in 1266 to set up a trading business.
Marco Polo was not the first European to travel to Asia but surely one of the first Europeans to describe many of the advanced technologies found in China.
He started his first trip to Asia in 1271 at the age of 17 years. He travelled to the Mongol empire in China with his father and uncle. Their journey took around four years.
Some interesting facts: -
- Marco Polo was a major influence on other explorers like Christopher Columbus.
- He stayed in China for 17 years with his father and uncle and worked as envoys for the great Mongol emperor Kublai Khan.
- He returned to Venice in 1295, after 24 long years.
- There was a conflict going on between Venice and Genoa. Marco Polo joined the Venetian army and he was captured and put in a jail for about 1 year.
- Polo told his travel stories to another prisoner who wrote all the stories under the name ‘The Travels of Marco Polo’.
- He died on January 8, 1324 and was buried in the Church of San Lorenzo in Venice.